Beginning with an overview of Spinoza's life, Della Rocca carefully unpacks and explains Spinoza's philosophy: his metaphysics of substance and argument at the center of his whole system that God is the sole independent substance; Spinoza's account of the human mind and its relation to the body; his theory that human beings tend towards self-preservation and the role of the emotions; his most famous work, the Ethics, including the problem of free will; and his writings on the state, religion and scripture. Della Rocca concludes with a chapter on Spinoza's legacy and how modern philosophers, Hume, Hegel, and Nietzsche, responded to Spinoza's challenge.
Primary Sources Online
- Constitution Society
Ethica, TTP (Jonathan Bennett's translations).
- Project Gutenberg
Ethica (Dutch). TIE, TTP, Ethica (English).
- Rudolf W. Meijer Site
TIE, Ethica, TP, Ep (Latin).
- Spinoza / BDSweb
Various primary sources in Dutch, English, French, German, Latin, and Russian.
- Spinoza et Nous - Philosophie de l'affirmation - Oeuvres
TIE, TTP, Ethica (French).
- The Spinoza Study
KV, TIE, CM, TTP, Ethica (in split-frame mode).